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History of Goan Cuisine and Goa Liberation Day!!

Imagine yourself walking on the beach, walking in the shallow end of the sea, and then enjoying some delicious seafood with your loved ones!! Doesn’t it sound amazing?! Well, that’s Goa summarized for you. Although a small-sized state, it is a popular tourist destination for Indians and people abroad.

Goan cuisine is a combination of eastern and western influences. The Portuguese, Arab, Brazilian, French, Konkani, Malabari, etc., are some of the few cultures to mould the Goan culture. But the first influence came from the Portuguese when in 1510, they captured the state from the Sultan of Bijapur. Their rule introduced new items in the culinary section such as potatoes, tomatoes, chillies, cashew, and bread. People started to call it ‘Goa Dourada‘ because of its beauty. It also had different ports to facilitate trading with the West, introducing Chinese Silk, different types of meat, and asafoetida.

However, during the 450-year rule, the Goan citizens were dissatisfied with the Portuguese. Just as India was free from the British regime, the Goan colony was still a part of foreign rule. On December 17th, 1961, after several failed negotiations, Indian deployed around 30,000 Indian troops against the 3,000 member Portuguese Army. ‘Operation Vijay‘ was successful, freeing Goa on the night of December 18th. Hence, on December 19th, Goa became a part of India, and the people celebrate this day as Goa Liberation Day.

Did you know that Goa celebrates 2 Independence days? One from the British and the other from the Portuguese. People celebrate Liberation day with great joy and festivities.

  • Celebrations begin with a Torchlight Procession where three separate parades, lit from three different locations, converge at one point, Azad Maidan. At this point, people pay their respects to martyrs who fought for the state’s independence.
  • Sugam Sangeet is another such cultural program that consists of people singing classical vocal music. This musical genre is an integral part of the Goan celebrations during Liberation day.

Apart from the celebrations, there are also tourist attractions that you may want to add to your bucket list. Beaches, probably, may rank high when visiting Goa, but there the cities have more to offer. Some places are-

  • Dudhsagar Waterfall
  • Fort Aguada
  • Mangueshi Temple
  • Reis Magos Fort
  • The Saturday Night Market
  • Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary, and many more places!!

Portuguese influence on Goa’s cuisine was carried forward by the locals. Since Goa is located near the seashore, seafood dominates its cuisine. Coconut milk, kokum, rice, cashews, vinegar, and different types of meat also dominate the cuisine. The state’s cuisine consists of three types-

  • Hindu Goan Cuisine
  • Muslim Goan Cuisine
  • Goan Catholic Cuisine

With each type varying from the other, Goan cuisine has a lot of delicacies to offer. Some of their main dishes include-

  • Pez– a rice-based dish prepared with leftover curry and pickles, which people eat as a mid-morning meal.
  • Vindaloo– a signature curry-based Goan delicacy
  • Sol Kadhi– a cooling drink popular for its health benefits and consists of ‘kokum’
  • Some other include Cafreal, Xacuti, Sorpotel, Caldin, and Balchao.

All these represent Goan cuisine and are the staple delicacies among the locals. Several desserts comprise-

  • Bebinca– a layered coconut pudding
  • Neoreo– a type of sweet fried dumplings consisting a sweet filling of coconut and jaggery
  • Goshe– a variation on kheer consisting ‘sweet rice’ and lentils
  • Patoleo– steamed dumplings of rice flour with a filling of coconut and jaggery cooked in turmeric leaves
  • Alebele– consists of a rolled pancake filled with coconut, jaggery, and nuts.

Because of the influence of the Portuguese, baking is also popular in this state. Different types of bread and cakes bring some more variety to Goan cuisine. By reading this, it shows that the state of Goa is just more than nightlife, drinking, and beaches!!

We wish all Goans a Happy and Prosperous Liberation Day. We hope the next time you visit Goa, try these unique delicacies to add them to your never-ending bucket list!!